Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company

1934 , Chelmsford (Essex)

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Interior and exterior shots of work at the factory and the employees, followed by street scenes in Chelmsford.

The film begins showing the exterior of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company factory. There are scenes from inside offices, including the Designs Office. These scenes show Mr. Norman Lea, the Chief of Testing and Mr. Davis and Mr. O'Donovan, of the Designs Department. There are scenes from the inside of the factory showing the employees at work and transmitters. The engineer here is Mr. R.S. Whiteman. Further exterior views show a radio mast. Mr. E.E. Triggs, a valve testing engineer, holds up a small valve in his fingers. There is a larger valve standing on the floor. The film shows crystal grinding and there are shots of women workers at work in the factory. Some larger broadcasting equipment is shown to the camera. Mr. Ditcham, an early wireless announcer features. There is a brief shot of an early wire recorder followed by more workshop scenes. Testing radio equipment at Broomfield is followed by workers leaving the factory, mostly on bicycle. There are vendors and hawkers outside the factory, trying to sell to the workers as they leave. The film shows the employees sports ground where a hockey match is in progress. The film ends with street scenes from Chelmsford. These show various modes of transport including buses and cars. A policeman directs traffic. The Saracens Head Hotel and the Norwich Union Offices on High Street are seen. As a joke about charity collections, the intertitle 'Chelmsford on a Flag Day' is followed by scenes of empty streets.

Featured Buildings

Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company; Saracens Head Hotel

Keywords

Factories; Factory workers; Telecommunications

Intertitles

Mr. Norman Lea, Chief of Testing. A cigarette helps to solve many problems. The designs dept.. Mr. W.J. Davis and Mr. D. O'Donovan. Crystal grinding for constant frequency drivers. Mr. W.T. Ditcham. Mr. Ditcham was the voice on the air. Many years before broadcasting became general, he announced for Dame Nellie Melba on June 15th, 1920. A fine sports ground is provided for employees under the attention of Jo. Chelmsford is a very busy little town. Chelmsford on flag day.

Other Places

Broomfield

Background Information

Guglielmo Marconi was born in Bologna, Italy in 1874 of an Italian father and Irish mother. By 1895 he had succeeded in transmitting signals over a few yards. Later that year he could send signals over 1 3/4 miles. Having gained no support from the Italian government, he came to England and patented his work in England in 1896. The following year, radio communication was established across the Bristol Channel. In 1898 he formed the Wireless Telegraph and Signal Company. In 1899 he acquired premises on Hall Street, Chelmsford. That year he also established signals across the English Channel. In 1901 he first succeeded in sending radio signals across the Atlantic. One of the company's problems was finding trained staff. In 1901 the company opened the first Wireless School at Frinton-on-Sea. This developed into the Marconi College, now in Chelmsford. In 1912 new premises were built in New Street, Chelmsford, the first purpose built radio factory in the world. George Jessel-Broome was a senior manager at Marconi. He was in charge of erecting wireless transmission stations all over the world. He made other films for Marconi about these aerials. These films are held by the Reuters' film library. W.T. Ditcham was a Marconi engineer. In 1919 his voice was used in the first East-West transatlantic transmission. On 15th June, 19120, Dame Nellie Melba broadcast a song recital from Marconi's factory in Chelmsford. This was the first advertised public broadcast programme in Britain. These transmissions were made under a general licence allowing for experimentation. Permission for entertainment demonstrations was soon withdrawn on the grounds that they interfered with legitimate services.Marconi himself was not particularly interested in developing television. In 1934 the television interests of Marconi were merged with EMI Ltd. By 1936, a system had been developed by the BBC for its public high definition television service.During his lifetime, Marconi won the Nobel Prize for Physics, The Albert Medal of the Royal Society Of Arts, The Kelvin Medal, and election to the presidency of the Italian Royal Academy and the Italian National Scientific Research Council. He died in Rome in 1937.

Manifestations

Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company

  • Barcode
    INV386854
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    MP4 H264 digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:14:16
    Modification Date
    26/09/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    728523
  • Barcode
    INV351459
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    MP4 H264 digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:14:16
    Modification Date
    26/09/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    728184
  • Barcode
    INV339458
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    MP4 H264 digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:14:16
    Modification Date
    26/09/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    727842
  • Barcode
    INV334305
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    DV digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:09:08
    Modification Date
    17/06/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    715725
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV433516
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    master digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:09:08
    Modification Date
    16/06/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    715348
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV174903
    Canonical Identifier
    TB 527
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    Umatic tape
    Dimension
    Identifier
    Modification Date
    23/07/2008
    Parts
    Reference
    673499
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV181275
    Canonical Identifier
    TB 215
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    Umatic tape
    Dimension
    Identifier
    Modification Date
    22/07/2008
    Parts
    Reference
    673110
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV175021
    Canonical Identifier
    TB 191
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    Umatic tape
    Dimension
    Identifier
    Modification Date
    22/07/2008
    Parts
    Reference
    673087
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV292065
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    master digital
    Colour Type
    bw
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:13:51
    Has Sound
    N
    Modification Date
    23/05/2008
    Parts
    Reference
    670927
    Sound
    silent
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV492990
    Canonical Identifier
    A-786
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Details
    Carrier Type
    16mm film
    Colour Type
    bw
    Has Image
    Y
    Has Sound
    N
    Identifier
    Image Polarity
    negative
    Modification Date
    25/06/2021
    Parts
    Reference
    656046
    Sound
    silent
  • Barcode
    INV241713
    Canonical Identifier
    VP-384
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Duration
    0:12:00
    Identifier
    Modification Date
    25/06/2021
    Parts
    Reference
    563168

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