The Farm Factory

1934 , Leiston (Suffolk)

Farming as an industry and its place in village life.

A teaching film dealing in detail with farm layout and practice. The film opens by showing Britain's largest industries according to the number employed. A foundry represents engineering, Britain's fourth largest industry; a building site - third largest, a coal mine - second largest. However farming is revealed as the largest industry in Britain. A sequence with a map of Britain shows the location of the farm - between Aldeburgh and Leiston - and then Upper Abbey Farm, the 1,000 acre, pre-mechanised farm which is the subject of the film. The layout of the farm is carefully planned to save unnecessary labour, centred on the farmyard. General farmyard scenes illustrate this along with a plan and an animated scale model. The main farm buildings are shown in sequence - the farmhouse, the stockmen's houses and the great barn in the centre of the farmyard, flanked by three stockyards. The location and purpose of other buildings are also explained. To illustrate the careful design of the farmyard further, a lorry is shown backing into the barn to unload; a man carries hay from the barn to feed the cattle in the yard. He also mixes the pig feed and gives it to the pigs. The farm pond is shown with the cattle being watered. The water is raised from the well by windmill. A modern-style windmill has been built in the farmyard. The film goes onto the fields, starting with general views and a map of the farm that shows last year's crops. Cereals grown were mainly barley and some rye. Root crops included a fair amount of sugar beet. The sugar beet factory is forty miles away by road. The farm includes some pasture and some salt marshes which are popular with the stockmen.There are general shots of the Norwich corn market, where corn is sold by sample, and of the Norwich cattle market. These illustrate the importance of marketing. The part played by manure in the farm economy is stressed, with shots of manure spreading in autumn and winter. The balance of the farm, between crops, animals, marketing etc is shown on an animated diagram. Another diagram shows the management structure of the farm and the personnel. G.A. Rope, the son of the tenant farmer Arthur Rope, is shown at the Head of the farm with his assistants Lacey Smith, the Head stockman, Will Walker, the Head fieldsman and Harry Self, the Head shepherd. The experience and multi-skilling of the farm workers is stressed with shots of various operations. The pattern of the farming year is explained. The factory is large, covering well over 1,000 acres, and to save time getting about the farmer uses a bicycle. There follows a shot of the farmer to illustrate. The men are shown moving around the farm on their work horses, eating out of doors at midday, then going home by bicycle. Most live in the nearest village, Eastbridge, and the film shows the main features of village life. The pub (The Eels Foot), the shop and general village scenes are shown. The nearest school and church are both in neighbouring Theberton. Children are shown travelling to school and eating their packed lunch. The nearest towns, Yoxford and Leiston are covered, discussing their importance for shopping trips by bus. Leiston also provided the nearest cinema and railway station.

Featured Buildings

The Cattle Market, Norwich

Keywords

Farm management; Farming; Farms; Village life

Intertitles

The place appointed for marking and delivering corn returns within this town, is the CORN MARKET, where an officer of Customs and Excise will attend as Inspector of Corn Returns on the days on which such accounts or returns are required by law to be made.

Other Places

Eastbridge; Theberton; Norwich

  • Director : Mary Field

  • Camera : C. Pocknall

  • Camera : F. Bundy

  • Camera : F. Goodliffe

  • Sound : E. Webster

  • Commentator : John Morgan

  • Other : Dr Keen

  • Production company : Gaumont British Instructional

Manifestations

The Farm Factory

  • Barcode
    INV333833
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    MP4 H264 digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:20:11
    Modification Date
    25/11/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    734468
  • Barcode
    INV388245
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    MP4 H264 digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:20:11
    Modification Date
    31/08/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    724851
  • Barcode
    INV333478
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    MP4 H264 digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:20:11
    Modification Date
    31/08/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    724083
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV316138
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    DV digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:20:11
    Modification Date
    13/06/2011
    Parts
    Reference
    714917
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV247702
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    master digital
    Dimension
    Duration
    0:20:11
    Modification Date
    22/07/2010
    Parts
    Reference
    684348
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV154410
    Canonical Identifier
    TB 145
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    Umatic tape
    Dimension
    Identifier
    Modification Date
    22/07/2008
    Parts
    Reference
    672962
  • Barcode
    INV296381
    Canonical Identifier
    VP-998
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Identifier
    Modification Date
    25/06/2021
    Parts
    Reference
    562823
  • Barcode
    INV??1337
    Canonical Identifier
    B-238
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    16mm film
    Colour Type
    bw
    Has Sound
    Y
    Identification Notes
    Picture: combined optical (data migration 25/06/2021)
    Identifier
    Image Polarity
    positive
    Modification Date
    25/06/2021
    Parts
    Reference
    562181
    Sound
    sound
  • Activities
    Barcode
    INV184178
    Canonical Identifier
    A-807
    Canonical Title
    Unknown
    Carrier Type
    16mm film
    Colour Type
    bw
    Has Sound
    Y
    Identification Notes
    Picture: combined (data migration 25/06/2021)
    Identifier
    Image Polarity
    negative
    Modification Date
    25/06/2021
    Parts
    Reference
    560679
    Sound
    sound

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